The Promise of Big Data in Diabetes Management
Diabetes is a major public health issue affecting more than 400 million people worldwide. In 2012 diabetes was the direct cause of 1.5 million deaths and high blood glucose was the cause of another 2.2 million deaths according to the World Health Organization (WHO). If current trends continue, over 700 million adults worldwide would be affected with diabetes by 2025.
Diabetes is also one of the most expensive challenges facing the healthcare industry today. 20% of all healthcare dollars are spent on diabetes care representing an annual cost of 825 billion dollars. 9.1 million Americans or 9.3% of the population have diabetes. An additional 1.4 million patients are diagnosed with diabetes every year.
Having diabetes is associated with substantially higher lifetime medical expenditures despite being associated with reduced life expectancy. The average medical expenditures among people with diagnosed diabetes were 2 times higher than what expenditures would be in the absence of diabetes. If prevention costs can be kept sufficiently low, diabetes prevention may lead to a reduction in long-term medical costs.85-90% of diabetes cases are type 2.
Type 2 diabetes is primarily lifestyle-related (obesity, diet, sedentary) and studies have shown that small changes in exercise, diet, and weight loss can be up to 60% effective in offsetting the advances in the disease. This represents a huge potential for value-based care models in preventing disease, better patient outcomes, reduced hospitalization, and overall healthcare savings.
Diabetes is one of the most preventable conditions by changing the lifestyles of individuals.